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All points you should know about the fish tank filter!

2020-05-29

Everyone knows that the cultivation of nitrifying bacteria requires several major factors, one is sufficient oxygen, the other is the water flow of the filter material, and the other is the filter material that we need to focus on in this article, that is, the parasite of the nitrifying bacteria.




As a medium for parasitic nitrifying bacteria, the filter material can be understood as their "home", which is like the decoration of our new house. When installing a house, we generally try to choose non-toxic and formaldehyde-free paints. We ca n’t move in immediately after the decoration. Instead, let the air in the room be fully circulated and the harmful gases in the decoration materials be volatile as much as possible. This time may be a month or two or more.


In fact, this is similar to the filter material we choose. If we want to make 

the nitrifying bacteria survive better, we must first provide it with a healthy and non-toxic "home". Whether this home is a ceramic ring or a bacterial house, we must ensure that they have good water quality. It is non-toxic and harmless. It is more accurate to say that the filter material itself cannot interfere with the water quality. It is like the original water tank TDS of the fish tank is 100, and it is changed to 1000 directly after the new filter material is inserted. Then such a filter material is certain. It can't be used, let alone 1000, it's 200, and fish and nitrifying bacteria can't stand it. Many people will ask, how to judge?


In fact, the method of judgment is also very simple. Take two cups and put them into the same amount of water in the aquarium. Put the filter media to be tested in one of the cups and mark them. After a few days, test the pH of the two cups. , TDS value and other basic parameters, the results are clear at a glance.



In addition, the larger the house we choose, the better, and the nitrifying bacteria think so. A large open house is definitely much stronger than the snail house. This leads to another parameter for selecting filter media, which is the surface area of the filter media. The larger the surface area, the larger the living space of the nitrifying bacteria, and the more adequate places for reproduction. The smaller the volume of the filter material under the same volume, the more it is installed, and the larger the surface area. Therefore, in a limited space, our filter material should be as small as possible. Choose the same type of filter material as many holes as possible, because it has a large surface area.



In addition, it is worth mentioning that whether the water flow can evenly flow through the filter material also directly affects the nitrifying bacteria. No matter how large the surface area of the filter material is, the water flow passes only a little bit of the filter material, then it is basically wasted. It is also necessary to place filter media. This is one thing that many people tend to overlook.


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